WHY do we do things? HOW do we motivate people (at school, at work)?
There are books about that, don’t worry. Today I give you two lists around the concept, extracted from a new French book.
In human sciences, psychology or even pedagogy, the concept of motivation is often ignored or despised. Because :
- Denial : Motivation is a useless artificial concept invented to describe states one can’t explain.
- Indifference : The idea of “something makes us act” is an evidence, but what could we do with that?
- Resignation : Pessimistically – “you’re motivated or you’re not, that’s all”.
- Incantation : Optimistically, but the same thing – we’re motivated by a mysterious “energy” which automatically push people into action.
I find so funny and great to list reasons why people are NOT motivated to study a concept like motivation!
And I wonder where we could use this list of “We don’t, because…”.
In another part of this Preface, I found a list of Old Big Systems (like Structuralism, Marxism, etc…) which, in the XXth Century, studied our concept.
Our citizen, our subject was studied these ways :
- The Subject-Habitus, poor one, is alienated by his existence, his social class, his position in culture and economy, he is the propensity guy.
- The Subject-Pulsion, the happy idiot, is the puppet of his complex unconscious subconscious.
- The Subject-Response, a behaviorist, just reacts to stimulations from his environment, he is conditioned.
- The Subject-Demiurge, a humanist tending to fulfill himself in his all-empowered freedoooommm.
- The Subject-Arbitrator, the haecceitist, aware that all his life is a combination of changes and possibilities, whose plays with intentions, proposition, emotions, thinking, obligations and goals. He is the co-author of his own story.
We didn’t even talk about the Theory of Motivation in itself. Maybe later?
Thanks for reading!